Candle Making 101

What candle supplies do I need to I need to get started?

 

If you’re new to candle making you will need some basic supplies. You can opt to buy our Soy Candle Making Kit, which contains everything you need to get started. Or you can buy candle making supplies individually. These are the basic you’ll need to make a candle:

 

Wax

For container candles use GW464 or KeraSoy

For pillar candles use Pillar Wax

Wick

The correct wick depends on a variety of factors. Check out our Wick Guide for full details on selecting the right wick.

Container or Mould

You can choose from a range of glass, ceramic or tins.

For free-standing candles we have a range of seamless pillar moulds.

Fragrance

We have a huge range of fragrance oils to choose from. There is no right or wrong fragrance, pick one you love!

Colour

We have a range of candle dye blocks.

Wick Stickers

These little dots keep your wick stuck to the jar.

Wick Holders

Keep the wick centered and stop it from falling over.

Warning Labels

These provide burning and safety instructions.

Thermometer

To measure the temperate of your wax.

How do I make a candle?

Check out our candle making instructions here.

Which wax should I use?

Which wax to use depends on what type of candle you want to make.

Container Candles
GW464 Soy Wax – our standard soy wax
KeraSoy – our premium soy wax
Coconut Apricot Wax – specialty blend

Pillar Candles
Uniwax 5501 Pillar Wax

Wax Melts
Uniwax 5501 Pillar Wax

You can check out our wax comparison chart for more details

What wick size do I use?

Wick size depends on a variety of factors. We’ve got a full guide on choosing the right wick here.

How much wax do I use?

If you purchased your jars from our website you can find how much wax to use in the product description.

If you’ve found some cute jars somewhere else and don’t know how much wax to use to fill the jar, there are a few basic steps to figure this out.

1. Place the empty jar on some kitchen scales and hit TARE

2. While the jar is still on the scale, fill with water to about 1cm below the top of the jar, or where you’d like your candle to fill – make note of the weight on the scale.

3. You now have your “fill line” measurement. In this example our fill line says 280 grams on the scale.

4. Decide how much fragrance you will use, in this example we will be using a 10% fragrance load.

5. Calculate the fragrance usage rate by multiplying the fill line x fragrance load. For example 280 x 0.10 = 28ml of fragrance.

6. Next, subtract the fragrance from the fill line weight. 280 – 28 = 252 grams.

7. Finally, we have to do one last calculation. Take the number from the last step and multiply by 0.86.

252 x 0.86 = 217 grams (number rounded for ease)

You need 217 grams of wax to make a candle in your jar.

I know that seems like A LOT of math which is why we’ve got this super handy calculator! All you need is your fill line weight and to decide how much fragrance to use and we’ll do the math for you.

How much fragrance do I use?

We’ve found over years of testing, the optimum range of fragrance load to be 6-7% to get a nice medium strength scented candle.

There are a couple of things to keep in mind when deciding on how much fragrance to use:

1. What is the maximum fragrance load for the wax you are using? You can find this information on our wax comparison chart.

2. Are there any IFRA restrictions? Most fragrances are safe to use in candles up to 100%, but there are a couple that have usage restrictions. Every fragrance we sell will give you the maximum usage rate on the label of the fragrance, and on the website in the description.

To calculate how much fragrance you need to make a candle you can simply use the Wax Calculator above. Once you enter your container fill line weight and desired fragrance load the calculator will tell you how much wax and fragrance is required. If you are making more than one candle, just multiply the amounts by the number of candles you’re making.

What temperature do I melt the wax to?

Each wax has its own melt point which you can find on the wax comparison chart. However we’ve found melting any of the waxes we stock to 80-85°C works best.

This also ensures you can add the fragrance oil at the optimum temperature.

What temperature do I add fragrance?

Adding the fragrance at the correct temperature ensures the fragrance will bind correctly to the wax. This ensures your candle will have great fragrance throw.

We’ve found adding the fragrance as soon as you’ve melted the wax at 80-85°C is the optimal temperature to bind the wax and fragrance together and create a great candle. Make sure you stir the fragrance into the wax well – stir for 1-2 minutes to give it the best possible chance to bind to the wax.

How do I melt the wax?

There are two different methods for melting wax:

Double Boiler

1. Fill a large pot about half full with water and bring to a simmer on the stove top.

2. Add your wax to a smaller, heat safe container and put that container inside the larger pot.

3. Melt the wax to 80-85°C then add colour if desired.

4. Remove from heat and add fragrance.

Make sure your large pot doesn’t run out of water – add more as needed to prevent complete evaporation.

 

Microwave

1. Add wax to a microwave safe container or pouring jug.

2. Melt on high in 30 second bursts until the wax has reached 80-85°C. Stir between bursts.

3. Once wax has melted add colour and fragrance.

What temperature do I pour at?

Each wax has an optimal pour temperature to give you the best results.

GW46460-65°C
KeraSoy 413045-55°C
Uniwax 550175-80°C
Coconut Apricot Wax68-76°C

 

Can I use crayons to colour my candle?

No it is not recommended. Crayons are made from pigments that aren’t intended to be burned and although the candle might look fine, it might have issues with burning properly.

We have a range of dyes that are specifically formulated for candle making.

How do I calculate candle burn time?

To calculate how long your candle will burn for there are a couple of steps

Determine Pre-burn Weight

1. Weigh the original container (empty – before you make a candle in it).
2. Weigh the new, unburned candle.
3. Subtract the original jar weight from the unburned candle weight. This is your “pre-burn weight”

Post-burn Weight

1. Light the candle and allow it to burn for four hours. This must be four continuous hours – no stopping and starting.
2. After four hours, blow the candle out, let it cool completely, then weigh the candle again.
3. Subtract the original jar weight from the burned candle weight. This is your “post-burn weight”

Determine Hourly Burn Rate

Pre-burn rate – Post-burn rate / 4 (hours burnt) = Hourly burn rate

Determine Total Candle Burn Time

Pre-burn rate / Hourly burn rate = Total candle burn time

Don’t worry, I know that could be confusing, that’s why we’ve got another handy calculator to help you calculate burn time.